Acne Treatment London
Although acne occurs mostly in teenage boys and girls, about 20% of the total cases are reported in adults as well. Acne is basically a skin disorder occurring in pilosebaceous units, or the hair follicles. It is one of the most common skin diseases found worldwide.
Characterized by pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, scaly red skin or pinheads, acne in teenagers is caused by increase in testosterone levels which may result in some girls or boys during puberty. Acne diminishes as the patient ages, but how long it will take to go away varies from patient to patient and is highly unpredictable. Acne symptoms commonly appear on face, neck, shoulders, chest or back.
How it starts?
The word acne comes from a Greek word acme meaning point or spot. The pores in human skin are connected to oil glands via follicles. These oil glands produce sebum which carries dead skin cells to the surface. When these pores get blocked due to dirt, the dead skin cells and sebum gets trapped in the pores and forms a plug called comedo. If the blockage is not treated, bacteria invade the follicle rupturing its walls which results in swelling of pores, redness and inflammation. As a result, pimples and redness of skin occurs. Redness and pimples vary from patient to patient depending on the amount of infection caused by bacteria. Non inflamed pores may grow into blackheads or whiteheads. Oily skin is more vulnerable to acne.
There are two main types of acne; acne vulgaris and acne rosacae. Acne vulgaris sometimes develops into cystic acne which effects deeper layer of skin cells. Nodules and cysts develop due to aggravated inflammation and are visible on skin surface. Cystic acne occurs on armpits, groin and buttocks and leaves acne scars on the skin.
Antibiotics or acne creams might not always work; there are other clinical procedures which are safe and effective in treating acne. Commonly used therapies includechemical peels for acne, laser acne treatment or light therapy, steroid injections and skin peels for acne.
Acne treatment chemical peels
Chemical peels for acne treatment involves skin exfoliation using alpha or beta hydroxyl acids. A chemical solution is applied to the affected area and dead skin gradually peels off. The regenerated skin is clearer and smoother. The acne treatment chemical peels procedure is a safe method which prevents clogging of the pores thereby reducing acne symptoms. It can be conducted at spas, salons or at a dermatology office. The procedure is effective and reduces acne in a couple of sittings. Side effects include mild redness or burning.
Skin peels for acne
This is similar to chemical peels for acne; the skin is exfoliated using some medication or cosmetic solution and dead skin cells are removed.
Laser Acne Treatment
Bacteria causing inflammation in the pores can be killed by exposing them to laser light. Blue laser light is most commonly used laser acne treatment; a combination of red and blue laser is also popular for acne treatment via laser light. The procedure involves applying medication to the affected area to make it sensitive to laser first and then exposing it to the laser light. This procedure not only kills the bacteria causing acne symptoms, but it also shrinks the sebaceous glands so that oil production in the skin is reduced.
Isolaz is the most advance and popular laser acne treatment available in the market these days. In fact, it is the only laser acne treatment which is approved by FDA. This technology combines vacuum with laser to remove acne and to make skin tighter and radiant. The procedure is completely painless with no downtime even after the treatment is done.
Laser treatment may require the patient to go through a series of treatments depending on the skin type and severity of the problem. However, laser acne treatment is one of the best procedures for those who have tried everything else and have failed. It has no serious side effects and is quite effective.
These are used to clear nodules and cysts. Once the injection is taken the nodules flatten in four to five days. However, steroids application may cause skin thinning and permanent change in skin tone.
Natural remedies for acne
For those who don’t trust medications and clinical procedures for acne treatment can try natural remedies. Some of the most popular home remedies for acne include;
- Apple Cider Vinegar: this vinegar has antibacterial and antifungal properties. Diluted mixture of vinegar and water is applied to the affected area every day.
- Coconut oil: coconut oil is also antibacterial and antifungal and at the same time it is very gentle too. So, it clears acne as well as reduces redness.
- Egg white mask: egg whites mask reduces skin oil and tightens the pores.
Acne is a very common skin problem and most people who have tried everything opt for laser acne treatment which is effective as well as safe.